Planning for a Liver Transplant in India

Planning for a Liver Transplant in India

Just behind the rib cage, the liver is situated on the right side. It does prove to be one of the most important parts of a human body as it performs important functions. It is responsible for processing carbohydrates, fats and cutting down toxic substances like alcohol or drugs. The liver is also responsible for formation of chemical components that helps the blood to clot. If a failure of the liver occurs, the ability to clot blood along with excess nutrients that the body needs is reduced. If the liver does not function properly a juice known as bile accumulates in the liver. Considering how important the liver is do opt for the best liver transplant doctor in India because of the successful outcomes.

The process of liver transplant works out to be a procedure where your damaged liver is replaced by a deceased or a healthy one. This is a time consuming and demanding procedure at the same time. So it is advised to undertake it when you are in the end stage of liver disease or suffering from acute liver failure.

As far as the liver transplantation is concerned there are basically two types of donors

Deceased donor- it could be undertaken from a deceased donor who has died. This is a major type of liver transplant that is undertaken for most adults
Living donor- this appears to be the case where some family member is involved.

The procedure of surgery would roughly take around 6 hours. It can be longer or shorter depending upon the complexity along with the experience of the surgeon involved. Under the dosage of local anaesthesia this surgery is undertaken. Before the surgery starts a food pipe is placed on to the mouth of a patient so that it does help them to breathe during the surgical procedure. Then an incision is being made and the damaged liver is removed. Then the donated liver is aligned to the blood vessels.

An ideal candidate for liver transplantation

People who are known to suffer from chronic or acute liver failure are possible candidates for liver transplantation. The decision process to figure out whether you are a candidate for liver transplant surgery needs to be considered at a serious level. Before ascertaining the same it does become important to consider the physical, financial and emotional aspects of the transplant. There are perhaps two main pointers you need to be aware before you opt for a surgery.

The condition you are suffering will benefit from a liver transplant
The surgery is going to do good than harm

The process of follow up care once a liver transplant is over?

Once the transplant is over you will have routine visits to the surgeon, and spread over 3 months it is going to 1 to 2 times a week
The surgeon monitors the condition of the patient via blood tests. Once a year crosses after liver transplant is over the care tends to be individualized in nature
Post the transplant you are going to be on various medications and this includes immunosuppression medications, which helps the body to combat issues of the new organ. At the same time you will be on medications to deal with issues of blood pressure, anti-viral and antibiotics
Once the transplant is over the patient tends to be weak for the first month, which means that the frequency is reduced over a period of time
There might be additional testing that is needed to monitor the health and condition of the liver. The tests are going to include liver biopsies or ultrasounds
In addition there are some dietary restrictions. The patient is asked to keep away from sodium. You need to opt for a well-balanced diet with sufficient intake of proteins. There are certain strange reasons as obesity does go on to become an issue with liver transplant patients. To deal with this the patients’ needs to take care of their calorie intake from a very early stage.

The rejection associated with a liver transplant procedure

When the immune system comes across the transplanted liver as a foreign object then considerable risks emerge. It can be harmful to the body as an attempt is made to get rid of it. This goes by the name of rejection. The utility of the drugs is that it goes on to weaken the immune system and in a way forces the body to accept the transplanted organ. In case of rejection it is more common in the first 6 months after a transplant, but it could emerge at any stage. It can be treated as it could prove to be most effective if you detect it at an early phase. Jaundice, nausea along with body pain is some of the common signs associated with rejection. As a patient you need to be aware of the warning signs so that you can report it to the doctor on an immediate basis. There are some tests that are conducted in order to verify whether it proves to be a case of rejection or not. If the signs are of rejection then the dose of drugs are being increased. If your figure out that the biopsy does point to a significant amount of rejection, the patient is prone to more intense hospitalization.

The benefits you can derive from a liver transplant?

With liver transplant you are assured of a long and healthy life. This is all the more so when you are in the end stage of liver disease
No way in denial mode that liver transplant is a major operation. It could be the most taxing phase of your life but anti-rejection medicines do make the process a lot easy
If you perform the transplant before the health of a patient takes a toll, they are in a better position to tolerate the surgery and recovery in a quick manner.
If things move in a quick manner the patient along with the donor is discharged very quickly.